History of Gansu Province
History of Gansu Province
Climate in Gansu Province :
There is no information available on the climate in Gansu Province.
Economy of Gansu Province :
As described Ningxia is a sparsely populated Region where most of the population can be found in the fertile Northern Plain of the Yellow River.
Transportation & Travel Connections in Gansu Province :
Traditionally the most important railroad in neighboring Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region is the so-called Baotou-Lanzhou. This railroad connects the City of Baotou in Inner-Mongolia (AR) with Lanzou in Gansu Province and is traditionally a vital logistics artery.


Ethnic Minorities of Gansu Province
The Silk Road in Gansu Province :
The Great Wall of China in Gansu Province :
This page was last updated on: July 21, 2017
Ethnic Minorities in Gansu Province are the Tibetans, the Salar, the Dongxiang, the Tu, the Bonan and the Yugurs (not Uygurs!) . Mongolians may also be found in Gansu Province, as they live throughout the entire North of China.
The Hui are well represented in Lanzhou, the Capital City, where they are as usual traditionally engaged in trade and commerce.
Although not part of the original cradle of Han Chinese Civilization in the Yellow River Basin Gansu Province of today is one of of the oldest and most strategically vital territories in China. Located in the North-West of China, the Capital of Gansu Province at Lanzhou acts as the stop-plug at the end of the Hexi Corridor, a vital transit route from Central Asia into the Han Chinese Heartland, a narrow pathway between two high mountain ridges in history often chosen by Northern Tribes as
Introduction to Gansu Province (甘肃省) of China
Qin Ling Mts
Sanguankou - Helan Pass Great Wall of China
Great Wall of China at GuYuan
Songwei (=Zhongwei) (Ningxia Hui AR)
Chaka, Qinghai Province
Huangyuan, Qinghai Province
Tongren (Qinghai province)
Kong Tong Shan (2123 meters)
Yang Guan Pass - 1st Gate in the West - Han & Tang Dynasty
Bei Shan Range
JiaYuGuan Fortress & Suspended Arm Great Wall (Ming Dynasty)
Mogao Caves - Buddhist Holy Site & UNESCO Wolrd Cultural Heritage
Yu Men Gate & Toll House - Han & Tang Dynasty Great Wall
Labrang Monastery
BingLing Si - Buddhist Caves
Xumi Shan Buddhist Caves
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Gansu Province of China
Highlights, Monuments and Scenic sites of Gansu Province
Perhaps the first and most visited and traveled landmark of Gansu Province is The Great Wall of China.

For more information on The Great Wall of China:
The Wall in Detail - GPS info
Capital of Gansu Province - Lanzhou
Surface Area / Size - 420.000 square kilometers
Population - 26 Million (2006 AD) - Stabile
Lanzhou - Zhongcuan National
JiaYuGuan - Small Field
Dunhuang - Small Field
Xi'An , Capital of Shaanxi Province
Click & Go to Gansu Province Map 2
Republic of Mongolia
Inner-Mongolia AR
Click to Enlarge !
Click & Go to Gansu Province Map 2
Taklamakan Desert
Yu Men Pass
Yinchuang, Capital of Ningxia Province
Lanzhou, Capital of Gansu Province
Beijing, Capital of China
Datong, North Shanxi province
LuoYang, Henan Province
Xi'An (Chang'An), Capital of Shaanxi province
JiaYuGuan Pass& Fortress, Gansu Province
MutianYu Great Wall Site
Ba Da Ling Village Great Wall Site
Extended Arm Great Wall at JiaYuGuan Pass
Han & Tang Dynasty Great Wall Sites
Yu Men - Jade Gate Pass - 1st Pass in the West (Han & Tang Dynasty)
Dunhuang, Western Gansu Province
Overview Map of Gansu Province and surrounding area's. Click for Full Sized Version.
Gansu is one of the North-Western Provinces of China. Its topographical borders are mainly determined by natural features of the landscape. In the North lies the Gobi Desert, which stretches both East- and Westward. In the West between Yinchuan the Capital of Ningxia and the Shanxi Province Border of the Yellow River lies the Ordos Desert. In the East lies Qinghai Province and the Eastern Half of the Tibet-Qinghai Plateaux with its lush grasslands, green valleys but also steep snow-capped mountains and dangerous passes. Only the South and the South-East directions open up into greener lands of Sichuan Province and Shaanxi Province.
The strategic Hexi Corridor, also dubbed "the Throat of China" extends north-westward into the Gobi Desert between the High Mountain Ridges of Qilian Shan and the Mountains of Nan Shan in the South. In the Far West Gansu Province Ends just short of the marshes of Lop Nor, part of Xinjiang-Uygur Autonomous Region.
attack route into Han Territories. First completely conquered, pacified and integrated as "Western Territory" during the Han Dynasty (206 BC - 220 AD), the military success of the conquering of Gansu Province from Nomadic Tribes layed the foundation of the grandiose success of the Han Dynasty and the first opening of a Silk Road. Gansu today includes the Yellow River and the Hexi Corridor and the Chinese Stretch of the Silk Road.
TengGer  Desert
Helan Highlands
Clock-wise around Gansu Province is thus bordered by in the North and North-East by Inner Mongolia AR and small Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region at the Yellow River.
Due East lies Shaanxi Province, to the South lies Sichuan Province and due West lies Qinghai Province, the East Section of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateux also known as the "Roof of the World".
Overview Map 2 - Schematic Map of Gansu Province and surrounding area's. Click for Full Sized Version.
The main inhabited part of Gansu Province is the South-East which includes the Capital of Lanzhou, the City of XiaHe (with its Labrang Monastery), Linxia, Longxi, Qinan, Tianshui and Jingyuan dispersed over various districts of the Province. The South-East of Gansu Province lies due West and South of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and at the end of the Gobi Desert. The Capital of Lanzhou lies at the Center of a Transitional Zone where the dried and sparsely inhabited parches of the Gobi Desert meet the Loess Lands of the Yellow River Basin. To the South of Lanzhou the landscape turns greener and more mountainous.
Gobi Desert
Gobi Desert
Taklamakan Desert
Qinghai Plateaux
Ngoring Hu
<- Lop
A Schematic Map of the Several Layers of the Great Wall of China defenses as they existed during the Ming Dynasty (1368 AD - 1644 AD) in Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi and Hebei Provinces. Map includes location of + link to Great Wall Passes as reported on by ChinaReport.com. Mouse over & Click Links for more Information and Photos.
Yang Guan Pass - Fortress & Beacon - Start Point South Route of Silk Road to Kashgar
Yang Guan Pass
Jia Yu Guan Pass
YanMen Guan Pass
Pian Guan Pass
Pian Guan Great Wall Site
Ya Men Guan Great Wall Site
Ordos Desert
TengGer Desert
Taklamakan Desert
Gobi Desert
Gobi Desert
Gobi Desert
Ngoring Hu
Xining, Capital of Qinghai Province
TaiYuan, Capital of Shanxi province
Wei River
Schematic Depiction Gansu Province and Districts. This Map conveniently depicts the 3 zones of Topography and Climate : The green and wet south, the arid central section of the Hexi Corridor and the Desert West with Dunhuang Oasis.
Topography Gansu Province can be divided into 3 zones which vary remarkably and have their own according Climates. The South Part of the Province has the lowest altitude and the warmest and wettest climates. A large Green Zone extends South from Tianshui into Sichuan Province and East into Shaanxi Province and beyond to Henan.
The middle section of Gansu Province, or the "throat of China" is formed by a high plateaux running down from the High North near Lop Nur and Dunhuang, wedging between two mountain ridges and bending around the Heights of the Qinghai Plateaux to descend down and end at Lanzhou. This section is dry and arid and often windy, and consist of barren graveled lands and salt lakes. Rivers, formed by melting waters from nearby mountains cut across the plain, but waters rapidly flow downstream to end up in the Yellow River near Lanzhou.

The Last and Third Zone is found in the Far West where for centuries and ages the small City of Dunhuang, the "Blazing Beacon", forms the last Oasis and Bastion of Civilization in an otherwise bleak desert-like Landscape. In the West the gravel is met by the ever shifting Sands of the Taklamakan Desert creating a mix of fast rivers, small oasis, high sand dunes and flat wastelands. Sand storms are frequent here, especially in the spring months. In Summer Temperatures soar to staggering and unhealthy heights. If you intend to travel these parts on your own account, come well prepared, or else become the "Pisang" (Roasted Banana). The climate here is pure desert, harsh day and night during most of the year and often potentially lethal.
Some count a 4Th Climatic Zone in Gansu Province, namely the alpine like grasslands of the South-West leading into Qinghai Province.
Har Hu
Anxi River
Yellow River
LinXia (Hui)
Gannan (Tibetan)
BaoJi (Shaanxi Province)
XiaHe' + Labrang Monastery
YaDan Land-forms
YingGuan Tunnel Entrance
Suo Guan Tunnel Entrance
JingTie Shan (5206 meters)
Qilian Shan (5564 meters)
Maji Shan - Buddhist Holy Mountain & UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site
Sanwei Shan (2520 meters)
Liu Pan Shan (2928 meters)
Helan Shan (3556 meters)
WuHai (Inner Mongolia)
Alxa Youqi (Inner Mongolia)
Nanhua Shan
DingBian Great Wall of China (Ming Dynasty)
ZhongWei Great Wall of China (Ming Dynasty)
YongChang Great Wall of China (Ming Dynasty)
Bai Shan - White Mountain (Height 2013 Meters)
Xingxingxia (Xinjiang-Uygur AR)
Mazhong Shan
Mazhong Shan - Horses' Manes Mountain (2584 meters)
Gongpuquan (Pass)
Yulin Great Wall Site
Dingbian Great Wall Site
Helan Pass Great Wall Site
Songwei Great Wall Site
Yonchang Great Wall Site
Simatai Great Wall Site
Qinhuangdao-Shanhai Pass Great Wall Site
Click to go to Full Version Han Dynasty Empire & Connections Map !!
Lanzhou, Capital of Gansu Province
Xining, Capital of Qinghai Province
Yinchuan, Capital of Ningxia Province
Yellow River
Bayan Har Mts
Golmud, Qinghai Province
Yellow River
Yellow River
Menyuan, Qinghai Province, China (PRC).
Jiuquan Huangnibao Yugur Autonomous Township o/t Yugur Nationality, Gansu Province, China (PRC).
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Shizuishan, Ningxia Province
Amnye Machen Mts
Heimaha, Qinghai Province
Gonghe, Qinghai Province
Darin, Qinghai Province
Dachaidan, Qinghai Province
Delingha, Qinghai Province
Gandan (Gansu Province)
Yanchi (Ningxia Hui AR)
Jiuzhi (Qinghai province)
He'Nan (Qinghai province)
Xunhua (Qinghai province)
Huashixia, Qinghai Province
Madua, Qinghai Province
Qingshuihe, Qinghai Province
Xiawu, Qinghai Province
Nangchen, Qinghai Province
Longshi, Qinghai Province
Alxa Youqi
Ejin Qi
Ejin Qi (Inner Mongolia)
Aksay- Capital of Aksay Kazakh Autonomous County, Gansu Province, China (PRC).
Mati Si Buddhist Caves - Horses Hoof Temple
Zhangye Great Wall of China (Ming Dynasty)
Khara-Koto Ruins, today Heicheng, Alxa Banner, Inner-Mongolia AR
Main Rivers and Waterways of Gansu Province :
Main Cities & Population Centres of Gansu Province :
The Capital of Gansu Province is the City of Lanzhou, since before recorded history a settlement on a convenient crossing point on the wild and often untamed Yellow River. Lanzhou Today is a foul aired industrial city of millions , a true capital of remarkable highrises with the 2.8 million population stacked and concentrated along the narrow river banks at the bottom of the Yellow River Gorge cut by the River in the Loess Plateaux that sets the main landscape and scenery here. Except for the everflowing Yellow River with its magnificent bridges and the Gansu Provincial Museum, Lanzhou City itself has few sights to offer and even fewer remaining historic landmarks. There is a Yuan Dynasty Era Temple and Dagoba on the Hilltop overlooking City and River, a modern day Mosque for the Hui Islamic Minority, the Qing Dynasty White Cloud Temple and little else. A New Modern City Square has just emerged. In the surrounding and outlying area's of the Province there is plenty to see. The air quality is remarkably better as well.

First and Foremost, travel from Lanzhou to nearby Yongjing to catch an hour long boat ride up the LiuJiaXia Reservoir of the Yellow River here to BingLing Si. The Buddhist Statues, Murals and Caves of BinLing Si are a world cultural heritage site and relic of the Han & Tang Dynasty Era Silk Road. More such Caves and Statues can be found in- and around Gansu Province but the BingLing Caves are so far among the most famous and well-known.
The next choice is difficult, so our listing continues with an overview of the South Part of Gansu Province, the area in a wide circle around Lanzhou. In counter-clockwise direction here we further find small XiaHe with it's impressive Labrang Lamasery. The Labrang Monastery is 2nd among the 3 most famed and hallowed Monasteries of Tibetan-Lamaist Buddhism and is another worthwhile place to have a look around.
Main Cities. Great Wall. Silk Road.
The Yellow River (Huang He), China's second longest River, The Hei He or Black River (Ejin Gol in Inner-Mongolia Autonomous Region), the Taolai River near Jiayuguan.
Click to Enlarge !
Yellow River snaking through the Loess Plateux in North-Eastern Gansu Province.
Guyuan (Ningxia Hui AR)
Click to Enlarge !
Hanzhong (Shaanxi Province)
Gansu during the Mongol Yuan Dynasty:
In the 13Th Century the large extenses of Gansu Provinces Hexi corridor and the pathways of the Silk Road served as the conduit for Marco Polo to travel into China.

Gansu during the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911 AD ):
By the Time of the Qianlong Emperor of the Ching Dynasty the Shanxi Merchants and their various monopolies had made Shanxi Province the wealthiest province of the prospering nation, with more cash silver teals than the Imperial Coffers. Shanxi Businessmen controlled trading as far as Dunhuang in far Western Gansu Province, Xinjiang and well into area's now part of the Capital of the Republic of Mongolia. In the wake of their trade Chinese Han Culture, new technologies and Shanxi's Influence followed.

Gansu during The Peoples Republic of China:
In 2007 north-western Gansu saw the forcible relocation of hundreds of thousands of Tibetan herders.
No doubt the second important reason to travel to Gansu is the ancient Silk Road, which is not a landmark but rather a whole series of landmarks connected by ancient trading paths and the tales of heroes of yesteryear.

For more information on The Silk Road:
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Gansu Economy
Gansu History
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Gansu Minorities
More Information on Lanzhou City & Monuments !
The History of the Silk Road in Brief!
More Information on Lanzhou City & Monuments !
Gansu Province offers a wide variety of tourist sites to visit. From the ancient monuments of the Silk Road, to the The Great Wall of China and many other sites. On top of that, Gansu Province with its three distinctly different climate zones offers a stunning variety of natural landscapes and sceneries.

Soon More information !
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Yellow River in Gansu
Linxia Hui Pref.
Lanzhou Pref.
Baiyin Pref.