Russians, Eluosi, The Russian Ethnic Minority in China :
The Russian Ethnic Minority of China are of European Origin, arriving from Russia and the Steppes. According to the Year 2000 AD Census there were 15.600 Ethnic Russians in China in Total. Earlier census counts are not available. Most Ethnic Russians in China live in Xinjiang-Uygur Autonomous Region (near the Ili and Tekes rivers), with less living in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and in Heilongjiang Province.

The Russian Minorities were late arrivals in China and only began moving to China from Tsarist Russia after the construction of the China Far East Railway in 1897 AD. Later in Time more followed, entering various parts of Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia and HeilongJiang through and after the 19th century. With the Russian October Revolution of 1917 AD and the ongoing Civil War in the homeland immigration of Russians increased. In the years after the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949 AD, migration of Russians was reversed. Due to political frictions between the two Communist Nations at the Time and even Threat of War, Russian Ethnic Minorities were unwanted and many were repatriated to the Soviet Union. Another group of Russians, if able, emigrated from China through to Australia only.
Currently only a small portion of the original Russian Immigrants remained behind in China.

Traditionally Russians were either City dwellers engaged in trade, handicrafts or transportation or peasants living in the countryside. The latter group with its caracteristics can still be found today among Russian Ethnic Minorities in China.
Villages are small, composed of around 12 households engaged in farming, pasturing and gardening. Animals are kept on the side.
The Russians living in urban areas in China now work mainly in industry, transport, finance, trade and medicine and are fully integrated with Chinese Han Culture and Society. Among them are many intellectuals.

Todays Russian cultural features of this small minority group are their Russian styled dishes and the Christian Orthodox Faith. Thus Major Festivals for the Russian Minority are Easter and Christmas. The traditional clothes worn until recently have mostly been exchanged for a modern attire.

Although the Russian ethnic group in China has a small population, it has deputies to the National People's Congress and the regional People's Congress. They take an active part in running state and regional affairs.

Yabaolu Market (on Yabao Road, ChaoYang District) in Beijing, China, is unofficially named Russia town. In History this small section of Beijing was settled primarily by Russian traders from Siberia. Like many ethnic enclaves, it has its own unique culture imported by its residents. The focal point of the district is a large market. Business signs are mostly in Russian and written in the Cyrillic alphabet, a surprise to many tourists. With the growing affluence in current day Russia and lively ongoing trade the Russian Section of Beijing once more is vibrant and thriving.
"Europeans" - Ethnic Minorities of European Descent in China :
The Russians, The Tatars and the Tajik are the only Chinese Ethnic Minorities of originally European descent. All three groups can be found in the far Western Xinjiang-Uygur Autonomous Region of China.
The Tatars (Tatuer or Tartars) of China :
Tajike, Tajiks in China :
The Tajiks, together with the small group of Ethnic Russians are the Chinese Minorities of European Origin. The Tajiks have been roaming the extenses of Central Asia for countless generations becoming a distinct ethnic group of their own. However, according to research their origins mainly derive from Persia. The Pamir mountain tribes, including the Tajik are classified as Homo-Sapiens Alpinus, a distinct branch of the Human Tree all by themselves. Beyond this, scientific opinions conflict. The 19Th Century European explorer (Sir) Marcus Aurel Stein (and others) in his books referred to them simply as Sarikoli. Languages spoken in the area suggest there were originally multiple tribes, at least the Shugni and the Wakhi. Robert Shaw observed mainly Sarikolis and Wakhis, referring to the Tajiks collectively as Ghalchah.
The Tajiks of today are Muslims, but distinct from adjacent tribes are of Shi'ite Denomination. Accordingly they have different traditions and mainly pray on Holidays. The Tajiks follow the Ismaili Sect of Islam. They also hold animalistic beliefs, such as in the Mountain Eagle.
This page was last updated on: May 27, 2017
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As for the Tatars, they are a small Muslim group almost exclusively found in Xinjiang-Uygur Autonomous Region in Western China. The ancestors of the Chinese Tatars are Volga Tatar tradesmen who settled in China. Thus, the Tatars have a tradition in commerce and trade.

Currently, according to the 2000 AD National Census there are 4,890 Tatars in China (P.R.C.), most of whom are found mainly in the North-West of Xinjiang in the cities of Aletai, Changji, Yili, Yining, Tacheng and Urumchi, but are spread around the large Xinjiang Autonomous Region.
Chinese Tatars have their own spoken and written language. They speak an archaic variant of the Tatar language, free from loanwords introduced in later Times and it uses an Arabic variant of the Tatar alphabet, not in use in the Former Soviet Union since the 1930s. The Tatars also use Uygur, the main trading language in Xinjiang, or Kazakh language.

The European Culture aspects of the Tatars are reflected in their music and the Furniture in their Housing. Traditional Tatar houses also have their own distinct architecture with separate houses and fire-places inside for cooking and heating. The Tatars usually still prefer spoons over chopsticks for eating purposes.
Tatar music and dance is very popular in Xinjiang today. Every wedding or festival regardless of ethnic group features Tatar Dance and Song. The Muslim festivals of the Tatars are similar to the other Muslim Groups in the Area. A special place is held for the plowshare festival, which usually is held in June. The plowshare festival is a celebration of Nationality for the Tatars and all come out in traditional tatar wear and engage in horse-tugging, horse racing or manly wrestling matches. The plowshare festival is the highpoint of
- Ethnic Minorities of China in General
- Islamic Minorities in China
- Manchu-Tungusic Peoples in China
- Mongolians , Mongol Ethnic Minority
- Ethnic Minorities of European Descent in China
- Korean Ethnic Minority
- Tibetans and Other Ethnic Minorities
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A Schematic overview Map of Xinjiang-Uygur Autonomous Region entire and large parts of neighboring Nations of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazachstan, Russia, The Republic of Mongolia, as well as Chinese Provinces and Territories of Inner-Mongolia AR, Gansu Province, Qinghai Province and Tibet Autonomous Region.
This Map Includes Cities and Towns (shown by size) - Main Ethnic Communities in Xinjiang AR, Main Monuments & landmarks of Xinjiang AR, the Taklamakan Desert in South-Central Xinjiang AR, major highways, provincial railroads, a variety of border passes in the Karakoram Mountain Range and the Tian Shan Mt. Range, plus main waterways, rivers and lakes of this large region. - Click Map to go to Full Version !
the Tatar Cultural Year.

In historic China the term Tazi/Dazi in Chinese was a derogatory word used for Barbarian Tribes of the North in General.
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Map includes Turkic Languages (Uygur, Kazakh, Kirghiz, Salar & Uzbek), Mongolian Language and Sub-Divisions (Mongol, Tu, Daur and Dongxian), Tungusic Peoples (Oroqen, Evenki and Xibe) and Languages, Korean, Tajik (Tadzhik), Mon-Khmer (Kawa + Puman (or Pulang)), Hui, Uygur (Uighur), Tibeto-Bhurman Languages, Tai and Miao, Yao and She' Language Area's and Borders. Main Area's and sub-divisions of Han Languages (Northern Mandarin, Eastern Mandarin, South-Western Mandarin and Cantonese) further included. This color-coded ethno-linguistic Map (of 1967 AD) identifies at a glance most ethnic minority regions in China
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Aksay Kazakh
Qapchal Xibe
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Mori Kazakh
Chapaqal, Xinjiang-Uygur AR
Bayin'gholin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture
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Urumqi - Capital of Xinjiang-Uygur AR
Hami (Kumul), Xinjiang-Uygur AR
Kashgar (Kashi), Xinjiang-Uygur AR
Korla, Xinjiang-Uygur AR
Aksu, Xinjiang-Uygur AR
Niya (Minfeng), Xinjiang-Uygur AR
Yining, Xinjiang-Uygur AR
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Taklamakan Desert
Jinghe', Xinjiang-Uygur AR
Emin (Dorbiljin), Xinjiang-Uygur AR
Yarkant (Yarkent or Shache), Xinjiang-Uygur AR
Artux - Capital of  Kizilsu Kirghiz Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang-Uygur AR
Mori' - Capital of Mori Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang-Uygur AR
Ili Kazak Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang-Uygur AR
Aksay - Capital of Aksay Kazakh Autonomous County, Gansu Province, China (PRC)
Dunhuang, Gansu Province
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According to the Year 2000 AD Census the total population of Chinese Tajiks numbered around 41.000. In 1949 the Tajik Population measured just about 7,000 when Xinjiang brought under Chinese Central Government. Today in 2008 AD the majority of Chinese Tajiks, some 26.000 live in Xinjiang-Uygur Autonomous Region in the Pamir Mountains on the border with Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Pakistani Controlled Kashmir in the so called Wakhan Corridor. Others live in small communities scattered throughout Southern Xinjiang-Uygur Autonomous Region.
Camel Driver on the Silk Road, China
Tadjik Camel Driver on the Silk Road, China Photographic Print
Su, Keren
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Of the total Chinese Tajik population of over 26,000, more than half make their home in Taxkorgan Town, the Capital of Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County, a District of Kashgar, Xinjiang, China.

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This page was last updated on: May 27, 2017
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Altai, Xinjiang-Uygur AR
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